Special Issues

The CEDIME-SE Guide to the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM)



FCNM text and related documents

FCNM texts in various languages

News on the FCNM from the Council of Europe

Related News

Documents on the Advisory Committee

General Opinions of the Advisory Committee

Article by article compilation of Advisory Committee opinions

Procedural Resolutions of the Committee of Ministers

Outlines for state reports

Introduction to the FCNM

CoE Publications on Minorities

Recommended References















Contact






 

The Guide to the

CouncilEurope

Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM)

 

 

Updated on 21/05/2004

 

The FCNM opened for signature : 01/02/95

The FCNM entered into force : 01/02/98

 

States

Date of
signature

Date of
ratification or accession (a)

Date of entry
into force

Reservation (R) Declaration (D)
(texts here)

First state report due

           

First state report

submitted
(click for text)

           

NGO parallel report(s)
(click for text)

           

Advisory Committee
(AC) opinion adopted

          

Advisory Committee (AC) opinion published
(click for text)

                     

State comment on AC opinion submitted

State comment on AC opinion published
(click for text)

Resolution of  the Committee of Ministers (click for text)

States

Albania

29/06/95

28/09/99

01/01/00

 

01/10/2001

27/07/2001

09/1999

12/09/2002

18/02/2003

10/02/2003

18/02/2003

 

Albania

Andorra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andorra

Armenia

25/07/97

20/07/98

01/11/98

 

01/11/1999

11/06/2001 

 

16/05/2002

15/01/2003

14/10/2002

15/01/2003

15/01/2003

Armenia

Austria

01/02/95

31/03/98

01/07/98

D

01/07/1999

15/11/2000 
appendix

01/2000

16/05/2002

07/11/2002

17/10/2002

07/11/2002

 

Austria

Azerbaijan

 

26/06/00 a

01/10/00

D

01/10/2001

04/06/2002 

 

22/05/2003

26/01/2004

24/10/2003

26/01/2004

 

Azerbaijan

Belgium

31/07/01

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

24/02/00 a

01/06/00

 

01/06/2001

 

09/1999
for BiH

for RS

 

 

 

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

09/10/97

07/05/99

01/09/99

D

01/09/2000

09/04/2003

09/1999 11/2003
HRP/RBF BHC

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

Croatia

06/11/96

11/10/97

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

16/03/1999 

09/1999

06/04/2001

06/02/2002

26/09/2001

06/02/2002

06/02/2002

Croatia

Cyprus

01/02/95

04/06/96

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

01/03/1999 

 

06/04/2001

21/02/2002

25/01/2002

21/02/2002

21/02/2002

Cyprus

Czech Republic

28/04/95

18/12/97

01/04/98

 

01/04/1999

01/04/1999 

09/1999

06/04/2001

25/01/2002

27/08/2001

25/01/2002

06/02/2002

Czech Republic

Denmark

01/02/95

22/09/97

01/02/98

D

01/02/1999

06/05/1999 

 

22/09/2000

31/10/2001

07/06/2001

31/10/2001

31/10/2001

Denmark

Estonia

02/02/95

06/01/97

01/02/98

D

01/02/1999

22/12/1999 

 

14/09/2001

12/04/2002

20/02/2002

12/04/2002

13/06/2002

Estonia

Finland

01/02/95

03/10/97

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

16/02/1999 

 

22/09/2000

06/07/2001

03/07/2001

06/07/2001

31/10/2001

Finland

France

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

Georgia

21/01/00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Georgia

Germany

11/05/95

10/09/97

01/02/98

D

01/02/1999

24/02/2000 

 

01/03/2002

12/09/2002

19/07/2002

12/09/2002

15/01/2003

Germany

Greece

22/09/97

 

 

 

 

 

09/1999

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

Hungary

01/02/95

25/09/95

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

  21/05/1999

09/1999

22/09/2000

14/09/2001

14/05/2001

14/09/2001

21/11/2001

Hungary

Iceland

01/02/95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iceland

Ireland

01/02/95

07/05/99

01/09/99

 

01/09/2000

13/11/2001 

 

22/05/2003

22/05/2003

22/05/2003

05/05/2004

05/05/2004

Ireland

Italy

01/02/95

03/11/97

01/03/98

 

01/03/1999

03/05/1999 

 

14/09/2001

03/07/2002

31/01/2002

03/07/2002

03/07/2002

Italy

Latvia

11/05/95

 

 

 

 

 

11/2002

 

 

 

 

 

Latvia

Liechtenstein

01/02/95

18/11/97

01/03/98

D

01/03/1999

03/03/1999 

 

30/11/2000

04/09/2001

18/05/2001

04/09/2001

27/11/2001

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

01/02/95

23/03/00

01/07/00

 

01/07/2001

31/10/2001

 

21/01/2003

25/09/2003

23/09/2003

25/09/2003

10/12/2003

Lithuania

Luxembourg

20/07/95

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luxembourg

Macedonia

25/07/96

10/04/97

01/02/98

D

01/02/1999

23/09/2003
(provisional)

09/1999,

03/2001

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonia

Malta

11/05/95

10/02/98

01/06/98

R & D

01/06/1999

27/07/1999 

 

30/11/2000

27/11/2001

05/06/2001

27/11/2001

27/11/2001

Malta

Moldova

13/07/95

20/11/96

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

29/06/2000 

07/2000

01/03/2002

15/01/2003

29/07/2002

15/01/2003

15/01/2003

Moldova

Netherlands

01/02/95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

Norway

01/02/95

17/03/99

01/07/99

 

01/07/2000

02/03/2001 

05/05/2001
28/02/2001

12/09/2002

13/02/2003

14/10/2002

13/02/2003

08/04/2003

Norway

Poland

01/02/95

20/12/00

01/04/01

D

01/04/2002

10/07/2002 

09/1999

27/11/2003

 

 

 

 

Poland

Portugal

01/02/95

07/05/02

01/09/02

 

01/09/2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

Romania

01/02/95

11/05/95

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

24/06/1999 

10/1999

06/04/2001

10/01/2002

28/08/2001

10/01/2002

13/03/2002

Romania

Russia

28/02/96

21/08/98

01/12/98

D

01/12/1999

08/03/2000 

 

13/09/2002

10/07/2003

21/02/2003

10/07/2003

10/07/2003

Russia

San Marino

11/05/95

05/12/96

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

03/02/1999 

 

30/11/2000

27/11/2001

None

None

27/11/2001

San Marino

Serbia and Montenegro

 

11/05/01 a

01/09/01

 

01/09/2002

16/10/2002

2002
2003
05/2003

27/11/2003

02/03/2004

 

 

 

Serbia and Montenegro

Slovakia

01/02/95

14/09/95

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

04/05/1999 

09/1999

22/09/2000

06/07/2001

05/06/2001

06/07/2001

21/11/2001

Slovakia

Slovenia

01/02/95

25/03/98

01/07/98

D

01/07/1999

29/11/2000 

 

12/09/2002

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

Spain

01/02/95

01/09/95

01/02/98

 

01/02/1999

19/12/2000

 

27/11/2003

 

 

 

 

Spain

Sweden

01/02/95

09/02/00

01/06/00

D

01/06/2001

05/06/2001 

11/2001

22/02/2003

25/08/2003

11/07/2003

25/08/2003

10/12/2003

Sweden

Switzerland

01/02/95

21/10/98

01/02/99

D

01/02/2000

16/05/2001 

01/2002
in French
in German

22/02/2003

21/08/2003

 

 

10/12/2003

Switzerland

Turkey

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

Ukraine

15/09/95

26/01/98

01/05/98

 

01/05/1999

02/11/1999 

2000

appendix

01/03/2002

27/11/2002

12/08/2002

27/11/2002

05/02/2003

Ukraine

United Kingdom

01/02/95

15/01/98

01/05/98

 

01/05/1999

26/07/1999 

 

30/11/2001

22/05/2002

18/04/2002

22/05/2002

13/06/2002

United Kingdom


 

Total number of Council of Europe states that have not signed the FCNM

3

Total number of states that have signed, but not ratified the FCNM

7

Total number of states that have ratified the FCNM

35


The "CEDIME-SE Guide to the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM)" was prepared thanks to a grant by the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) through Minority Rights Group International (MRGI). Crucial to its development were the sites of the Council of Europe and MINELRES